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For other uses, see Malay.
Ethnic Malay boys in Songkhla.
1.9 milion (2006 estimate)
Regions with significant populations
Pattani Malay, Thai
Sunni Islam, Theravada Buddhism
Related ethnic groups
Other Malays (narrower definition) and Malays (broader definition)
Thai Malays (Malay: Melayu Thai, Thai: ไทยเชื้อสายมลายู) is a term used to refer to ethnic Malays in Thailand. Thailand hosts the third largest ethnic Malay population after Malaysia and Indonesia, and most Malays are concentrated in the Southern provinces of Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala, Songkhla and Satun.
Ethnic Malays in Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala and Songkhla due in part to cultural differences from the Thai people as well as past experiences of forced attempts to assimilate them into Thai mainstream culture after the eventual annexation of Pattani Kingdom by the Sukhothai Kingdom. On the other hand, ethnic Malays in Satun are less inclined towards separatism. Ethnic Malays in Satun are more proficient in Thai as compared to the Malays from the other states, and their dialect have strong affinities to those of Perlis.
People of mixed Thai and Malay ancestry are known as Samsam, which forms the bulk of Satun's population but also a significant minority in Phatthalung, Trang, Krabi, Phang Nga and Songkhla as well as in the Malaysian states of Kedah, Perak and Perlis. Samsams are generally adherents of Islam but culturally Thai, although Malay influences are co-dominant. Phuket and Ranong, home to a sizeable Muslim population, also has many people who are of Malay descent. A sizeable community also exists in Bangkok itself, having descended from migrants or prisoners who were relocated from the South from the 13th century onwards.
 See also
Islam in Thailand
South Thailand insurgency
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^ Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (1834). Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland. Cambridge University Press for the Royal Asiatic Society. pp. 167.
^ Institute of South East Asian Studies (1976). The South East Asian Review. The Institute of South East Asian Studies. pp. 15.
^ Nelson Annandale, Herbert C. Robinson (1903). Fasciculi Malayenses: Anthropological and Zoological Results. Longmans, Green & Co.. pp. 30.
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^ Descendants of the White-Blooded Lady
^ Institute of South East Asian Studies. The South East Asian Review, 1976. The Institute of South East Asian Studies. pp. 167.
^ Mohamed Taher. Encyclopaedic Survey of Islamic Culture. Anmol Publications. pp. 228-9. ISBN 8126104031.
[hide]v • d • eEthnic groups in Thailand by language family
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