21 Januari, 2010
[hang nadim]Terjemahan 'God' untuk kalimah Allah tak tepat
Dengan nama Allah Yang Maha Pemurah lagi Maha Penyayang.
Katakanlah (wahai Muhammad): (Tuhanku) ialah Allah Yang Maha Esa.
Sesungguhnya Allah kekal.
Dia tiada beranak dan Dia pula tidak diperanakkan
Dan tidak ada sesiapapun yang serupa denganNya.
al-Ikhlâs - The Purity
In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Say: He is Allah, the One and Only!
Allah, the Eternal, Absolute;
He begetteth not nor is He begotten.
And there is none like unto Him.
- translation by Abdullah Yusuf Ali
Al-Ikhlâs is sûrah (chapter) 112 of the Qur'ân, and is said to be one of the earliest revelations that the Prophet Muhammad received from archangel Gabriel.
The Arabic root of the word ikhlâs is kh-l-s which means to be purified or refined. The very concept of refining and purifying signifies the burning away of all impurities, leaving nothing but the very essence of that which was sought, which, in this case, is Allah.
Such a purification is the burning away of all of the worldly misunderstandings, concerns and desires that separate us from the One; the One and Only upon whom we depend, the One and Only who is our foundation rock, the Eternal One and Only.
As a further testimony to the unity of the One who has created all of mankind, note the striking similarity in the Bhagavad-Gita written in India a thousand years earlier:
You are the One Creator of all the worlds,
and of that which moves and that which does not move,
You alone are fit for worship, You are the highest Teacher,
In all the worlds there is none equal to You.
- Bhagavad-Gita 11:43
A deeper look into al-Ikhlâs:
The following is al-Ikhlâs, line-by-line in Arabic, followed by a simple transliteration, and four well-known English translations.
Pronunciation guide: i as in sit, a as in bat, u as in put, â as the a in father, î as the ee in reel, û as the oo in moot.)
bismillâh ir-rahmân ir-rahîm
Yusuf Ali: In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
Pickthall: In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
Shakir: In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
Muhammed Ali: In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
Qul huwa Allâhu ahad
Yusuf Ali: Say: He is Allah, the One and Only;
Pickthal: Say: He is Allah, the One!
Shakir: Say: He, Allah, is One.
Muhammed Ali: Say: He, Allah, is One.
Yusuf Ali: Allah, the Eternal, Absolute;
Pickthal: Allah, the eternally Besought of all!
Shakir: Allah is He on Whom all depend.
Muhammed Ali: Allah is He on whom all depend.
Lam yalid wa lam yûlad
Yusuf Ali: He begetteth not, nor is He begotten;
Pickthal: He begetteth not nor was begotten.
Shakir: He begets not, nor is He begotten.
Muhammed Ali: He begets not, nor is He begotten;
wa lam yakul-la-hû kufu-wan ahad
Yusuf Ali: And there is none like unto Him.
Pickthal: And there is none comparable unto Him.
Shakir: And none is like Him.
Muhammed Ali: And none is like Him.
Going even deeper into al-Ikhlâs:
No simple literal translation can capture the magnificence or the delicate nuances of these Arabic verses. Every word has multiple levels of meaning, and each line brings new insights and inspirations with every reading. To begin to discover the deeper meanings of these verses, let's look at the deeper meanings of the words, line by line:
(Pronunciation guide: i as in sit, a as in bat, u as in put, â as the a in father, î as the ee in reel, û as the oo in moot. )
Qul huwa Allâhu ahad
qul = say, teach, tell
root q-w-l ... to speak, say, inspire, point out, tell, relate, teach, assert
huwa = he
pronoun, 3rd person, masc, nominative
Allahu = Allah
the u at the end indicates that Allah is the subject
ahad = the one, the only one, one without any partner, one without a second
Allah = Allah
s-samad = eternal, absolute, one whom all need, one who is the foundation of all, solid, independent
Lam yalid wa lam yûlad
lam = (particle) did not, was not
yalid = give birth to, generate, produce, sire, beget
ya is an imperfect prefix, the root is w-l-d
wa = and, and also
lam = (particle) not, did not, was not
yulad = birthed, born, generated, produced, sired, begotten
yu is imperfect prefix, the root is w-l-d
wa lam yaku llahû kufuwan ahad
wa = and, and also
lam = (particle) was not, did not
yaku(n) = is, was
ya is an imperfect prefix, root k-w-n, ( note: the n is not pronounced in this phrase)
llahu = unto Him, with Him
kufuwan = equal, like, comparable, matching, corresponding
root k-f- ' meaning to be comparable, like, similar to
ahad = the One, the only One, the One without any partner, the One without a second
Armed with these definitions and your own inner guidance, you can create your own poetic rendering of al-Ikhlâs... just go through al-Ikhlâs word-by-word, inserting the definition of each word that seems to speak to you. For example, here is a poetic rendering that I enjoy:
For the glory of Allah, the Merciful One Who is endlessly Beneficent, and Who Graciously rewards those who live in Divine harmony,
1) (Muhammad,) teach them: He, Allah, is the Only One;
2) Allah is the Eternal One upon Whom all depend
3) He Who creates without a partner, and Who was not created
4) and there is none comparable to the One.
- a rendering by wahiduddin
Click this link to hear al-Ikhlas recited by the renowned Saudi qari Shaykh Saad al-Ghamdi.
Hadith relating to the importance of al-Ikhlâs:
According to al-Bukhari, Abu Sa`id narrated that the Messenger of Allah said to his Companions:
Is one of you not able to recite a third of the Qur'an in a single night?
This was something that was difficult for them and they said, "Which of us is able to do that, O Messenger of Allah?''
To which he replied,
Allah al-Wahid as-Samad is a third of the Qur'an.
Tafsir Ibn Kathir (10 Volumes; Abridged), commentary by ibn Kathir, in English
Dictionary of the Holy Quran, by Abul Omar Mannan
Oleh Anwar Hussin
KUALA LUMPUR: Muzakarah pakar yang dianjurkan Institut Kefahaman Islam Malaysia (IKIM) memutuskan penggunaan kalimah Allah sebagai terjemahan kepada perkataan 'God' adalah tidak tepat dan menyalahi hakikat sebenar yang bercanggah dengan konsep Tuhan oleh agama Islam.
Pengerusi IKIM, Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, berkata hasil muzakarah itu yang diputuskan mufti negeri, dekan fakulti/jabatan usuluddin institusi pengajian tinggi awam dan swasta serta peguam dan pegawai kanan Bahagian Syariah, Jabatan Peguam Negara serta wakil parti politik itu akan dikemukakan kepada kerajaan minggu depan.
"Kemelut ini menimbulkan kekeliruan, celaru dan kesan negatif bukan saja pada umat Islam bahkan penganut agama Kristian dan tentu saja ia tidak membawa kebaikan kepada hubungan antara penganut agama di Malaysia pada masa depan," katanya pada sidang media di sini, semalam.