02 Ogos, 2010
[ hang nadim Korea Oh Korea......... (North & South)
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This article is about the civilization of Korea as a whole. For other uses, see Korea (disambiguation).
Korea (Korean: 한국 "Hanguk" [ˌhanˈkuːk—]-South and North Korea, rsp. (cf. etymology)) is a territory of East Asia that was formerly unified under one state, but now divided into two separate states and a region in northeastern Asia. Located on the Korean Peninsula, it is bordered by China to the northwest, Russia to the northeast, and is separated from Japan to the east by the Korea Strait.
Korea was united until 1948; at that time it was split into South Korea and North Korea. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea, is a free market, democratic and developed country, with memberships in the United Nations, WTO, OECD and G-20 major economies. North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, is a socialist regime founded by Kim Il-sung and currently led by his son Kim Jong-il.
Archaeological and linguistic evidence suggest the origins of the Korean people were Altaic language-speaking people from south-central Siberia, who populated ancient Korea in successive waves from the Neolithic age to the Bronze Age. The adoption of the Chinese writing system ("Hanja" in Korean) in the 2nd century BC, and Buddhism in the 4th century AD, had profound effects on the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
During the latter part of the Joseon Dynasty, Korea's isolationist policy earned it the Western nickname the "Hermit Kingdom". By the late 19th century, the country became the object of the colonial designs of Japan and Europe. In 1910, Korea was forcibly annexed by Japan and remained occupied until the end of World War II in August 1945.
In 1945, the Soviet Union and the United States agreed on the surrender and disarming of Japanese troops in Korea; the Soviet Union accepting the surrender of Japanese weaponry north of the 38th parallel and the United States taking the surrender south of it. This minor decision by allied armies soon became the basis for the division of Korea by the two superpowers, exacerbated by their inability to agree on the terms of Korean independence. The two Cold War rivals then established governments sympathetic to their own ideologies, leading to Korea's current division into two political entities: North Korea and South Korea. The ensuing conflict between the two was largely a proxy-war.
North Korea 'severs all ties' with Seoul
25 May 2010 Last updated at 16:22 GMT Share this pageFacebookTwitter ShareEmail Print North Korea 'severs all ties' with Seoul Pyongyang said all ties, including communications, would be cut North Korea is to cut all relations with South Korea, Pyongyang's official news agency reports.
KCNA said the North was also expelling all South Korean workers from a jointly-run factory north of the border.
The move comes after an international report blamed North Korea for sinking a South Korean warship.
Pyongyang denies it torpedoed the Cheonan near the inter-Korean maritime border on 26 March, killing 46 sailors.
South Korea says it plans to refer North Korea to the UN Security Council, and is seeking a unified international response to the incident.
'Puppet army gangs'
Tuesday's KCNA reports announcing the severing of all ties - including communications - said the North was also banning South Korean ships and planes from its territorial waters and airspace.
Within a matter of days relations between the two Koreas have returned to the freezer.
The diplomatic goal now will be to ensure that a renewed cold war on the Korean peninsula does not generate into a hot conflict.
The United States is firmly backing South Korea but US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton - who has been in the Chinese capital Beijing as events unfolded - has failed to extract any public criticism of North Korea from the Chinese authorities.
Her hope will be that in private Beijing will tell Pyongyang in no uncertain terms that it should do nothing to inflame this crisis further.
"The Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of Korea... formally declares that from now on it will put into force the resolute measures to totally freeze the inter-Korean relations, totally abrogate the agreement on non-aggression between the North and the South and completely halt the inter-Korean cooperation," KCNA reported.
Pyongyang has also accused South Korea of trespassing in its waters.
In a warning to South Korea's navy, a newsreader on North Korean state television (KRT) said: "South Korean puppet army gangs have been recently trespassing our territorial waters without restraint.
"They have conducted provocative acts which severely irritate us, by making dozens of warships intrude upon our waters from 14 to 24 May."
The newsreader said that if this "deliberate provocation" continued, the North would "put into force practical military measures to defend its waters".
North and South Korea are technically still at war after the Korean conflict ended without an armistice in 1953.
While there were hopes of a reconciliation a few years ago, relations have been deteriorating since then and now appear to be at their lowest point in a decade, correspondents say.
Amid the rising tensions, Seoul announced on Sunday it was ending trade relations with the North in response to the sinking of the Cheonan.
South Korea has also said it will drop propaganda leaflets into the North to tell people about the sinking, as well as setting up giant electronic billboards to flash messages.
ATTACKS BLAMED ON NORTH
Continue reading the main story
Jan 1967 - South Korean warship attacked near border, 39 sailors killed Jan 1968 - presidential palace in Seoul attacked, 71 killed Oct 1983 - bomb blast at Rangoon memorial during visit by South Korean president, 21 killed Nov 1987 - South Korean airliner bombed, 115 killed Mar 2010 - Cheonan warship attacked, 46 sailors killed How the ship was sunk S Koreans divided over the North Timeline: North Korean attacks Q&A: Cheonan sinking It has resumed propaganda broadcasts to the North, playing radio programmes that will soon be broadcast via border loudspeakers.
The US, which has thousands of troops based in South Korea, has backed Seoul, condemning the incident and confirming late on Monday that it will hold joint anti-submarine naval exercises with South Korean forces.
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has said the US and China must work together to "fashion an effective response" to the sinking of the Cheonan.
Speaking in Beijing, Mrs Clinton said maintaining peace on the Korean peninsula was "a shared responsibility" between the countries.
China has called for all sides to show restraint, adding its voice to calls for international co-operation over the incident.
Vice Foreign Minister Cui Tiankai said Beijing was "ready to work together with the US and other parties and continue to stay in close touch on the situation on the Korean peninsula".
On Tuesday Wu Dawei, China's special representative for Korean affairs, arrived in Seoul for talks with Foreign Minister Yu Myung-hwan.
Analysts say China's attitude is key, because it holds a veto in the Security Council and has in the past been reluctant to impose tough measures on Pyongyang.
Mrs Clinton is also due in Seoul for talks on Wednesday.
Nukilan hati Hang Nadim
Damaikan Korea....Contohi Vietnam mereka Hapuskan Amerika
Tetera Amerika Berjuang Di Negara Orang Bukan Sahabat Tetapi
Musuh dan bukan Wira....Hindarkan Amerika dari bumi Korea
Berdamailah Wahai Pemimpin dan Rakyat Korea Utara dan Selatan
Anda semua satu Bangsa....Rugi Kalau satu bangsa berpecah
Bersatulah Korea Utara dan Selatan.....tidak ada rugi siapa
pun malahan menguntungkan Negara dan bangsa.....Pak Obama Lupakan
saja peperangan damaikan bangsa yang serumpun....Bangsa Korea
bangsa bermaruah jangan turut Arahan amerika yang bongkak dan
suka berperang....Wahai Tetera Amerika apakah peperangan akan
membanggakan anda....???? Hanyalah menerima padah terkorban..
Cacat...tekanan jiwa....dan maut....mati bukan sebagai wira
Negara.....Ingat dimana ada amerika disana negara akan kucar
kacir.....Apa yang Amerika mahu...??? Tentera Amerika mati
sia-sia...Semua Bangsa Jaga negara sendiri....jangan ganggu
ya Allah amankan dunia ini dan bina satu dunia yang damai....Amin