08 Julai, 2013

[hang nadim] Mesir oh Mesir.....EGYPT UPDATE:.....يا مصر

EGYPT UPDATE: 'Brotherhood uprising call a dangerous turn'

CAIRO - A Muslim Brotherhood call for an uprising in response to a “massacre” of its supporters after the military’s ouster of Islamist president Mohamed Morsi could mark a bloody new stage in the turmoil rocking Egypt, analysts warn.
At dawn today, after days of deadly violence and rising tensions  between the Islamists and those who had called for Morsi’s departure, the  Brotherhood said security forces killed dozens of its supporters during prayers  outside an army headquarters in Cairo.
Afterwards, the Brotherhood’s political arm, the Freedom and Justice Party,  called for “an uprising” against those trying to “steal their revolution with  tanks”. 
And the movement likened army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, the general  behind Morsi’s ouster, to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, saying he wanted “to take Egypt in the same direction as Syria” and rule from behind the scenes.
 “The Muslim Brotherhood are adopting a very dangerous attitude. They are  insisting on escalating the situation,” said Hassan Nafaa, professor of  political science at Cairo University.
He branded the Brotherhood leadership “extremists” and called on the  moderate wing within the movement to pressure them into restraint.
“Emotions are very high, and there is real anger on the streets,” Nafaa  warned.
Today’s was the latest in a wave of violence since Morsi’s ouster that has  left scores dead nationwide, including at least 37 following Islamist rallies  on Friday, and despite talk of peaceful protests.
Egyptian analyst Hisham Kassem highlighted the danger of extremists  exploiting the tensions, including ex-Islamic militant group Gamaa Islamiya and  jihadists in the restive Sinai peninsula.
Gunmen killed a Coptic priest there on Saturday, while other militants shot  dead a police officer.
 “There is a danger that some of them may resort to terror. If the army does  not guarantee security, what is happening may make us wish for our dictators,”  Kassem said, alluding to Hosni Mubarak, the Egyptian autocrat ousted in a  popular uprising in February 2011.
Like others, he argued that inflammatory language being used by the  Islamists had stoked the unrest.
Residents of the normally quiet Cairo neighbourhood of Menial said a deadly  attack on Friday began shortly after the Brotherhood’s supreme guide, Mohammed  Badie, gave a fiery speech to Morsi supporters in Cairo’s Nasr City.
 “They are attempting to reverse the situation by creating panic, by putting  the situation out of proportion,” Kassem argued.
But he said there was currently no reason to fear the deteriorating  security situation would drag Egypt in the same direction as Syria, where more  than two years of conflict has killed more than 100,000 people.
“Here we have a professional army that refused to fire on its people. When  Morsi ordered them to rein in the country they refused.”   
Another scenario that events in Egypt have prompted media references to is  the one that arose in Algeria in the early 1992 when the army decided to cancel  elections that an Islamic party was poised to win.
The decision sparked almost a decade of appalling bloodletting, with some  200,000 people killed in fighting that pitted Islamist insurgents against the  military and took a particularly heavy toll on civilians.
 “In Algeria it was a real dream (to elect an Islamist government). It was a  theoretical alternative. But in Egypt the Islamists stayed in power for one  year and the people were suffering at the end of it,” said Egyptian political  analyst Amr el-Shobaki.
He was referring to the widely held belief among the millions who marched  last week calling for his ouster that Morsi failed to improve the lives of  ordinary Egyptians during his year in power.
Morsi’s turbulent rule was marked by accusations he failed the 2011  revolution by concentrating power in Islamist hands and letting the economy go  into freefall.
But while discounting violence of the kind that devastated Algeria, Shobaki  called some of the language used by the Brotherhood’s leaders “shocking”. 
He warned that some of them were manipulating Islamist youths, which “could  lead towards violence”.    “It is a danger,” he said.
In the immediate future there has been speculation that the holy Muslim  fasting month of Ramadan, which starts this week, might help calm the situation  by encouraging protesters to stay at home.
But analysts expressed doubt.
 “The situation is so complicated right now that I don’t think it will make  any difference,” said Kassem. - AFP

Read more: EGYPT UPDATE: 'Brotherhood uprising call a dangerous turn' - Latest - New Straits Times

Syria war a lesson for local 'rebels'
STAY TRUE: In voicing discontent, don't let opportunists lead you into anarchy
     THE flowing brown robe of Syrian abbess Mother Superior Agnes-Mariam de la Croix, turned heads at the hotel lounge where she met this writer in Petaling Jaya recently.
Towering in height, yet soft-spoken, Agnes-Mariam is a peace activist who travels the globe to speak on what had transpired in the Syrian civil war.
She waved her hands to emphasise her concern about what she described as skewed reports by the international media, which portrayed the war as being triggered by a popular uprising that turned bloody after the Syrian army had started killing protesters.
"I know that is not true. I was on the ground and witnessed everything. It was planned from the beginning by a number of terrorists who decided to join the fray to create instability and chaos for their own gain."
When she saw blood splattered in the streets near her church after several civilians were killed by so-called "jihadists" in Homs, Agnes-Mariam realised that extremism had taken over the war.
"I know that jihad or a revolution has nothing to do with spilling the blood of innocents or raping women and children," said Agnes-Mariam as she heightened the tone of her voice in disapproval.
She insisted that what had begun as peaceful rallies against the government was usurped by opportunistic extremists.
She said Malaysia should mitigate religious or political extremism from plaguing its nation.
The 60-year-old was fearful for her country's future.
Agnes-Mariam claimed that Syrians in general had regretted supporting the opposition who did not stop the terrorists from being part of their movement.
It is a story "rebellious" Malaysians should take time to digest, before going on a march in demonstrations precipitated by anarchic justifications.
It is not the intention of this writer to equate the opposition bloc with terrorists, but rather as opportunists, as the people had seen the chaos at the last Bersih rally.
Bersih leader Datuk Ambiga Sreenevasan may have claimed that the rally was apolitical, but she seemed to be allied with politicians with a penchant for riling the people to topple the government.
The illegal rally had breathed new life into Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim's ongoing offensive through street demonstrations, even after the recent general election.
And Anwar is perhaps the chief opportunist in this matter.
Using the people for political gain, the opposition leader had hid behind the people on numerous occasions, to give the impression that they were with him.
A non-governmental organisation leader and ally to Anwar, Haris Ibrahim made the situation worse by among others, coercing people to hunt down alleged "Bangladeshi voters" on polling day.
Little did they realise that their extremist ways if left unchecked, will drive public order asunder; all for the sake of grabbing power and to kick-start early campaigning.
It is common for the people to voice their discontent openly in a democracy.
But by drilling them to create an "Arab Spring" here in Malaysia, it only showed that Anwar and his cohorts had been interested in expropriating the people's voice.
It is fortunate, however, that many Malaysians, regardless of their political leanings, have become more aware of the opposition's intentions.
The recent gathering at Padang Merbok last month had failed to attract the desired crowds, as the people were tired of being dragged around like a political tool.
Agnes-Mariam had seen first hand how matters could spin out of control because of self-serving needs.
Malaysians should learn well from her experience.

Read more: Syria war a lesson for local 'rebels' - Columnist - New Straits Times

Tentera tembak penyokong Mursi

Penyokong Presiden Mohamed Mursi yang disingkirkan mengusung mayat salah seorang mangsa yang terbunuh dalam pertempuran dengan pasukan keselamatan di Kaherah, semalam. - REUTERS
KAHERAH 8 Julai - Pergolakan di Mesir semakin membimbangkan hari ini dengan 51 orang terbunuh apabila pasukan keselamatan melepaskan tembakan peluru hidup dan gas pemedih mata ke arah penunjuk perasaan pro-Mohammed Mursi di ibu pejabat tentera Pengawal Republikan di sini.
Lebih menyedihkan, daripada jumlah itu, seramai 35 orang penyokong bekas Presiden itu maut ditembak ketika sedang menunaikan sembahyang subuh di kawasan terbuka berhampiran dengan Masjid Rabaa Adawia yang menjadi lokasi penyokong Mohammed Mursi berhimpun.
Pada masa yang sama, pergerakan Ikhwanul Muslimin menggesa pemberontakan diadakan selepas kejadian tersebut yang memusnahkan harapan tentera untuk mendapat sokongan meluas dalam menubuhkan kerajaan awam sementara Mesir.
Lebih 200 orang dilaporkan cedera dalam demonstrasi tersebut.
Tentera menyatakan, 'kumpulan pengganas' yang merujuk kepada penyokong Mohammed Mursi, cuba menyerbu kawasan kompleks Pengawal Republikan, lokasi bekas Presiden itu ditahan, menyebabkan seorang pegawai tentera maut dan 40 orang lagi cedera.
Jurucakap rasmi Ikhwanul Muslimin, Gehad El-Haddad yang berada di lokasi demonstrasi di Masjid Rabaa Adawia berkata, tembakan dilepaskan pada awal pagi ketika anggota pergerakan itu sedang menunaikan solat subuh dan mengadakan tunjuk perasaan secara aman di luar ibu pejabat tentera tersebut.
Seorang penunjuk perasaan, Abdelaziz Abdelshakua dari wilayah Sharqia, cedera di kaki dipercayai ditembak.
"Kami sedang solat subuh dan mendengar bunyi tembakan. Seorang pegawai tentera memberi jaminan tiada apa-apa, namun kemudian tiba-tiba kami ditembak dari arah ibu pejabat Pengawal Republikan.
"Mereka melepaskan tembakan peluru hidup, peluru getah dan gas pemedih mata,'' katanya.
Dalam pada itu, Jemaah Islamiyah dan sayap politiknya, Parti Pembangunan dan Pembinaan menggesa Presiden sementara, Adly Mansour berundur daripada jawatannya bagi mengurangkan ketegangan yang timbul ekoran konflik politik tersebut.
Pergerakan tersebut dalam satu kenyataan semalam menyifatkan pelantikan Adly 'tidak sah' dan salah di sisi undang-undang. - REUTERS/AGENSI

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Mesir berisiko perang saudara - Putin

MOSCOW 8 Julai - Presiden Rusia, Vladimir Putin semalam menyatakan Mesir kini berisiko terjerumus ke dalam perang saudara ekoran tindakan tentera menggulingkan Presiden Mohammed Mursi.
Beliau bagaimanapun, melahirkan harapan agar Mesir tidak mengalami nasib yang sama seperti Syria.
‘‘Syria sudah berada dalam perang saudara dan Mesir kini bergerak ke arah yang sama,’’ katanya kepada agensi berita RIA Novosti.
Berpuluh-puluh orang maut dalam pertempuran antara penyokong dan penentang Mursi sejak tindakan tentera menggulingkan Presiden Mesir tersebut. - REUTERS

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nsight: From power to protest, Egypt's Brotherhood fights for life

Members of the Muslim Brotherhood and supporters of deposed Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi shout slogans outside the at the Rabaa Adawiya square in Cairo July 8, 2013. REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
Members of the Muslim Brotherhood and supporters of deposed Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi shout slogans outside the at the Rabaa Adawiya square in Cairo July 8, 2013. REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
CAIRO (Reuters) - The Muslim Brotherhood is facing an old adversary in the fight of its life, but has few means to confront the Egyptian military that has swept it from power. Reduced to camping out on the Cairo streets, all it can do, it seems, is mourn its dead.
The deaths of 51 Brotherhood supporters killed when the army opened fire on them on Monday was the latest and bloodiest blow to a group reeling from President Mohamed Mursi's dramatic ouster from office at the hands of the generals.
Even as the bloodshed may help it rally supporters around a sense of shared suffering, the Brotherhood faces big questions: how will it manage the internal divisions likely to result from its failure; should it re-engage in electoral politics; and what happens to leaders whose policies got it into this situation.
How the Brotherhood responds will determine much of the fate of the biggest Arab nation, whose economy is on life support and whose allies abroad are anxious it does not descend into chaos.
Near the Rabaa Adawiya mosque in northeast Cairo, where men who last week ran ministries now shelter from the baking sun - and in some cases from the police - Brotherhood spokesman Gehad El-Haddad was asked what came next after the killings: "More anger," he said. "More anger in people's hearts. More sorrow."
The Brotherhood called for more big rallies on Tuesday. That keeps up pressure on the army to offer the security looked for by the investors, and tourists, Egypt's finances badly need.
Among men providing the Brotherhood camp's own security, Mohamed Wahab, 32, said he was ready for an army attack: "We expect it and we are waiting," he said. "If they want to come, we are here. If they want to kill us, we are ready to die."
Some of his fellow sentinels carried batons, though Wahab himself carried only an iPad: "But we will never stop being peaceful," he said. "Even if they shoot us, even if we die."
Many outsiders doubt the Brotherhood's leadership would ever reverse outright a non-violent strategy dating back decades.
But the army's move against the electorally victorious Mursi also raises the risk, voiced by Brotherhood leaders, that some Islamists will now conclude that the path to power runs through bombs and bullets, not the ballot box.
Discipline has long been a defining characteristic of the 85-year-old movement. "Stand firm" say badges worn by the baton-wielding volunteers manning the makeshift fortifications around the sit-in. A sign rendered in broken brick sends a message to the army helicopters above: "Martyrdom or Legitimacy".
It seems directed as much at its own followers as at the generals it accuses of a coup against the legitimate head of state. Its command chain shaken by arrests and morale sapped by the worst setback in its history, the Brotherhood hopes to rally its people around a call for passive resistance until death.
It was deeply divided before, however, over whether to seek executive office - many argued that winning the presidency was a trap set by those who wanted the Brotherhood to fail. Mursi's downfall seems likely to reopen debate on long-term strategy.
"The Brotherhood don't have a clear mind to think about the future. What they are doing now is a last attempt to maintain solidarity," said Khalil al-Anani, a Brotherhood expert. "The unity of the Brotherhood is at stake."
For that reason, talking of the "martyrdom" of those who died on Monday offered the movement an opportunity to rally its base, Anani said: "This is a very good chance for them to increase public support and to mobilise their rank and file."
But fighting back militarily was not an option: "They know very well that they cannot challenge the Egyptian army," he said. "They are just trying to put more pressure on the army."
Addressing the crowd at Rabaa Adawiya on Friday, Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie reminded them that military courts had long sent its members to the gallows and had sentenced them to a collective 15,000 years in jail: "You have lived together and sacrificed together," he said, to roars of approval.
"Our bare chests are stronger than bullets," he added - a refrain commonly heard in the sit-in extending several hundred metres (yards) out into the streets leading to the mosque.
Loyalists from the Brotherhood's Nile Delta heartlands have come to man the barricades. Others have journeyed from farther afield: Ahmed Sadaat, 30, said he had flown back from Dubai.
"Martyr in the making" said a slogan printed on paper and pinned to his chest as he manned a checkpoint at one entrance to the sit-in, wearing Ray-Ban sunglasses and a motorcycle crash helmet, with an Egyptian flag tied around his neck.
"What happened here is not democracy," he said. Nearby, Mohamed Attallah, a 52-year-old mathematics teacher from Tanta in the Nile Delta, hands out bottled water. "We felt freedom," he said. "We don't want the freedom we felt to disappear."
The army, which says one officer died and 40 were injured at the barracks where protesters were shot on Monday, has so far left this protest, just over a mile (about 2 km) away, alone. It is keeping its distance, seemingly hoping it may exhaust itself.
The military says it removed Mursi in response to huge protests against his rule. Millions took to the streets on June 30, the anniversary of his first year in office, to demand he leave power. They cited grievances including economic stagnation and perceptions of a power grab by a president who was either unwilling or unable to build an inclusive government.
The new administration led by the head of the constitutional court, Adli Mansour, has said the Brotherhood is welcome to take part in the transition plan mapped out by the army and leading to parliamentary and presidential elections.
It denies that arrests of Brotherhood leaders, including its top strategist and an 84-year-old former head of the movement, amount to a crackdown. The authorities say they are being held on suspicion of committing crimes, including inciting violence.
But the Brotherhood likens it to the darkest chapters in its past, including an army crackdown under Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1954. Its narrative is one of betrayal by a state packed with Hosni Mubarak loyalists who it says sabotaged Mursi's rule.
The Brotherhood fears much worse to come. Not even Mubarak went as far as arresting one of the group's General Guides - the name given to its top leader.
Mehdi Akef, Badie's predecessor in the job, is facing charges of insulting the judiciary and inciting violence.
"It is clear we face a scenario like 1954," said Mohamed El-Beltagi, a Brotherhood politician on the wanted list. He laughs at accusations that he incited violence. "This will not stop at a coup," he said. "It will extend to the dissolution of parties, civil society, the return of the police and military state."
A 50-year-old doctor, Beltagi talked to Reuters behind four lines of Brotherhood security at the sit-in, where he is staffing a makeshift field clinic ready to receive casualties.
Last week, he said he narrowly avoided arrest.
Beltagi has warned that the army's overthrow of Egypt's first freely elected leader will spawn violence, not by the Brotherhood, but by radical elements that it had brought into the mainstream with promises of change through the ballot box.
"We have not and will not resort to violence," he said. But referring to others, he added: "When they see that democracy no longer has results ... They will inevitably be pushed to undemocratic change."
He saw arrests of Brotherhood leaders as designed to sever the movement from its youth base: "It is a deliberate effort to create confusion and force the country into anarchy."
There are already signs that the Brotherhood is struggling to keep the anger in check. Speaking before Monday's violence, Beltagi described the difficulty of dissuading impassioned youths from trying to storm the military facility where Mursi is being held - the very scene of the bloodshed.
"They are putting us under pressure," he said.
Even at the protest camp, there are signs that things are not entirely in control. On Friday, Brotherhood enforcers tried to stop bearded zealots handing out an Islamic text that appeared to draw parallels between today and problems the Prophet Mohammad faced in Mecca with Jews and unbelievers.
For now, Brotherhood leaders will say no more than that they plan to stay in the street until the army restores Mursi to the presidency - a demand detached from reality but seen as part of its short-term strategy for managing the crisis.
In the longer term, the Brotherhood faces critical choices, such as whether to run for office again. If its pragmatism of the past is anything to go by, the tightly knit group will do whatever is necessary to guarantee its survival.
"I suspect they are going to bide their time and head back into the shadows," said Joshua Stacher, a political scientist based at Kent State University in the United States.
"They are far more vulnerable now than at any point under the Mubarak regime. The Mubarak regime never had the power or authority to do what the military is doing to them right now."
(Editing by Philippa Fletcher and Alastair Macdonald)
الميادين: لا للإخوان والأمريگان

       ٨/ ٧/ ٢٠١٣
تصوير - أيمن عارف
الآلاف فى التحرير لحماية الثورة ورفض الضغوط الأمريكية على مصر
فيما يعد تأكيداً على تحقيق أهداف ثورة ٣٠ يونيو، احتشد الملايين فى مختلف الميادين، أمس، تلبية لنداء عدد من القوى الثورية، للخروج فى مسيرات من مختلف المناطق والميادين للتحرير، تحت شعار «الشرعية للشعب»، للتأكيد على عزل مرسى، ورفض الضغوط الأمريكية.
استقبل ميدان التحرير الملايين من المواطنين، تنديداً بمحاولات وصف الإعلام الغربى بيان عزل مرسى بالانقلاب العسكرى، وهاجموا الرئيس الأمريكى، باراك أوباما، لدعمه جماعة الإخوان، وأكدوا أنهم لن يسمحوا بعودة نظام الإخوان لحكم مصر، ورفعوا صورة أوباما وعليها علامات إكس، وأخرى له فى زى بن لادن، و«ستوب أوباما»، ونظم الشباب حملة توقيعات من المتظاهرين لرفض المعونة الأمريكية.
وشكلت الطائرات الحربية مجموعة من الرسومات بالألوان فى سماء الميدان التحرير، ورسمت الطائرات قلوباً كبيرة فى سماء الميدان، شارك فيها أكثر من ٢٠ طائرة حربية، وألقت طائرات الأباتشى بياناً على المتظاهرين، عليه علم مصر وصورة الفريق عبدالفتاح السيسى، يدعو المتظاهرين للحفاظ على سلمية التظاهرات.
وخرج الآلاف فى مسيرات من دوران شبرا، ومصطفى محمود، والمطرية وعين شمس، والجيزة، إلى ميدان التحرير، حاملين الأعلام، وصور الشهداء، ولافتات «لا للتدخل الأمريكى فى مصر» و«سيناء ليست للبيع»، وارتدى المتظاهرون «تى شيرتات» مرسوماً عليها صور شهداء ماسبيرو، وبورسعيد، ومحمد محمود ومجلس الوزراء، ونظم الشباب كردوناً حول النساء لحمايتهن من التحرش، ودفعت الداخلية بقوات من الشرطة لتأمين المتظاهرين خوفاً من اندساس البلطجية.
وظهر الفريق أول عبدالفتاح السيسى، القائد العام للقوات المسلحة، بين متظاهرى الاتحادية، خلال دخوله إلى القصر، وفور مشاهدته هتف المتظاهرون «الجيش والشعب إيد واحدة»، و«بص شوف السيسى بيعمل إيه»، فيما حياهم «السيسى»، وقال المتظاهرون الذين كانوا يحيطون به إنه أشار إلى أن الجيش سيحقق إرادة الشعب.
فى المقابل، شارك مئات الآلاف من أنصار الرئيس المعزول فى مليونية «الاسترداد» أمس بميدان رابعة العدوية وأمام مقر الحرس الجمهورى بمدينة نصر وميدان النهضة فى الجيزة، للمطالبة بعودة المعزول إلى منصبه كرئيس للجمهورية، ورفض قرارات الجيش التى عزلته، كما خرجت مسيرات مماثلة فى العديد من المحافظات من أجل التمسك بما سموه «شرعية الرئيس».
واعتلى أسامة مرسى، نجل الرئيس المعزول، منصة اعتصام رابعة العدوية وخطب فى مؤيدى أبيه: «واصمدوا فدماؤكم ستكون دفاعاً عن الحق ولا عدول عن الشرعية ولا يصح إلا الصحيح»، منوها بأن أبيه يطالب مؤيديه بأن يبقوا فى الميادين ولا يخرجوا منها أبداً حتى يضغطوا على قيادات الجيش، لأنه سيعود مجدداً إلى الحكم.

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