29 Ogos, 2010
[ hang nadim] MALAYSIA TANAH AIRKU ....MERDEKA...
SELAMAT HARI MERDEKA...KE 53
History of Malaysia
Gangga Negara (2nd–11th)
Pan Pan (3rd–5th)
Kedah Kingdom (630-1136)
The rise of Muslim states
Kedah Sultanate (1136–present)
Malacca Sultanate (1402–1511)
Sulu Sultanate (1450–1899)
Johor Sultanate (1528–present)
Portuguese Malacca (1511-1641)
Dutch Malacca (1641-1824)
Straits Settlements (1826–1946)
British Malaya (1874–1946)
Federated Malay States (1895–1946)
Unfederated Malay States (1909–1946)
Kingdom of Sarawak (1841–1946)
North Borneo (1882–1963)
World War II
Japanese occupation (1941–1945)
Malaysia in transition
Malayan Union (1946–1948)
Federation of Malaya (1948–1963)
Federation of Malaysia (1963–present)
Hari Merdeka (Independence Day) is a national day of Malaysia commemorating the independence of the Federation of Malaya from British colonial rule, celebrated on August 31. In a wider context, it is to celebrate the formation of Malaysia.
 Malaysia Independence
The effort for independence was spearheaded by Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj, the first Prime Minister of Malaysia, who led a delegation of ministers and political leaders of Malaya in negotiations with the British in London for Merdeka, or independence along with the first president of the Malayan Chinese Association (MCA) Tun Dato Sir Tan Cheng Lock and fifth President of Malaysian Indian Congress Tun V.T. Sambanthan. Once it became increasingly clear that the Communist threat posed during the Malayan Emergency was petering out, agreement was reached on February 8, 1956, for Malaya to gain independence from the British Empire. However, for a number of logistical and administrative reasons, it was decided that the official proclamation of independence would only be made the next year, on August 31, 1957, at Stadium Merdeka (Independence Stadium), in Kuala Lumpur
The formation of Malaysia
Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj announced the independence of Malaya from the British on August 31, 1957 at Stadium Merdeka.The Federation of Malaysia, comprising the States of Malaya, North Borneo (later renamed Sabah), Sarawak and Singapore was to be officially declared on the date August 31, 1963, on the 6th anniversary of Malayan independence. However, it was postponed to September 16, 1963, mainly due to Indonesian and the Philippines' opposition to the formation of Malaysia. Nevertheless, North Borneo and Singapore declared sovereignty on August 31, 1963. Indonesian opposition later escalated to a military conflict. Indonesia considered Malaysia as a new form of colonization on the provinces of Sarawak and Sabah in the island of Borneo (bordering Kalimantan, Indonesia), which they laid claim on.  To assure Indonesia that Malaysia was not a form of neo-colonialism, a referendum, organized by the United Nations, and the Cobbold Commission, led by Lord Cobbold, were formed to determine whether the people of Sabah and Sarawak wished to join Malaysia. Their eventual findings which indicated substantial support for Malaysia among the peoples of Sabah and Sarawak, cleared the way for the final proclamation of Malaysia.
The formation of the Federation of Malaysia was then announced on September 16, 1963 as Malaysia Day. The nationwide Independence Day celebration is still held on August 31, the original independence date of Malaya, while Malaysia Day is a public holiday only in East Malaysia. However, this has caused some minor discontent among East Malaysians in particular since it has been argued that celebrating the national day on August 31 is too Malaya-centric. It is decided that starting 2010, Malaysia Day will be a nationwide public holiday in addition to Hari Merdeka on August 31.
Nukilan Hati HANG NADIM
Dulu Pak Mat membajak sawah
dengan kerbau sambil memandikan kerbau
Dulu Ah Seng mengayuh basikal tua
dengan bunyi yang bising
membawa sayur untuk dijual.....
Dulu Muthu mengandar getah
Dulu Jaswan pagi-pagi memerah susu
Maidin di kedai kopi usang
menanti Pak Mat,Ah Seng,Jaswan dan Muthu
Jam 5.00petang sudut bicara dibuka
Pak Mat,Ah Seng,Muthu Jaswan dan Maidin
di satu meja......
Betapa hebatnya Persahabatan
Bicara bagaimana menjaga negara
Bicara Bagaimana pelajaran,ekonomi dan keselamatan
Bersama menentang Penjajahan
Bersama menentang Komunis
Bersama menyokong kemerdekaan Malaya...
Kini anak Pak Mat dan anak rakan berpecah
Membawa arus nikmat Kemerdekaan
Bersendirian tanpa persahabatan
Mereka Lupa Pakatan Mesra...
Pak Mat,Ah Seng, Muthu, Jaswan dan Maidin
Mereka lupa Perlembagaan hak dan batil...
Kini Kita Malaysia.....
Sykur dan Hayati Kemerdekaan